Vitamins and minerals

Choline chloride (femas)

Product code: P03223

This ingredient is 98.8-99.2% Choline Chloride (the other 0.8-12% is silicon dioxide (used as an anti-caking agent)).

Choline Chloride is approximately 74.6% Choline.


Choline Health Claims

There are 3 authorised health claims relating to choline:

  • Choline contributes to normal homocysteine metabolism
  • Choline contributes to normal lipid metabolism
  • Choline contributes to the maintenance of normal liver function


The above health claims may be used only for food which contains at least 82.5 mg of choline per 100 g or 100 ml or per single portion of food. In order to obtain this amount of choline from choline chloride, 110.6mg of choline chloride would be required. 

There are varying upper limits set for choline across member states, depending on the type of product. For example, Belgium has set a maximum limit for choline of ≤1500mg in food supplements. Denmark has a much lower maximum daily dose set at ≤ 500mg for food supplements. 

EFSA have published a scientific opionion on dietary referenc values for choline:

The adequate intake (AI) for most adults is 400mg/day choline. For pregnant and lactating women these requirements increase to  520mg. For children below 15, AIs are lower: 

Children aged  11-14        340mg

Children aged 7-10             250mg 

Children aged 4-6               170mg

Children aged 1-3               140mg

Infants 7-11 months             160mg

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